Geography Paper 1 - Alliance High School Pre-Trial Examination 2018

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Geography Paper 1
Time 23/4 Hours
Answer each question in a separate answer sheet

Section A

Answer each question in this section

    1. What is a lake (1 mk)
    2. Give two reasons why Lake Naivasha is a fresh water lake (2 mks)
  2. The diagram below shows some types of folds. Use it to answer question a.

    fold mountains alliance past papers

    1. Name the types of folds marked W, X and Y and Z (4 mks)
    2. In which countries are the Andes mountain ranges found (4 mks)
    1. What is a line of latitude (2 mks)
    2. What is the local time at Alexandria 30oC when the local time at Malindi 40oE is 12:00 noon? (2 mks)
    1. Define the term Avalanche. (2 mks)
    2. Differentiate debris slide from a debris fall. (2 mks)
    1. Give two types of soil degeneration. (2 mks)
    2. State four characteristics of desert soils. (4 mks)

Section B

Answer Question 6 and any 2 other questions in this section

  1. Use the Belgut map (1:50,000) provided to answer the questions that follow.
      1. Give the name of the map adjoining the Belgut map to the west. (1 mk)
      2. What was the magnetic variation of the map in 1970? (1 mk)
      3. Identify three physical features in grid square 2849. (3 mks)
      4. Give the bearing and direction of the road junction in grid square 3456 from the school at Kaplelatet in grid square 2761. (2 mks)
      1. Calculate the area between all-weather road bound surface (A1), all-weather road loose surface (C22) and River Sondo. (2 mks)
      2. Identify three types of vegetation in the area to the east of Easting 40. (3 mks)
      3. Identify the latitudinal and longitudinal location of the hill in grid square 2656. (2 mks)
      1. Using a scale of 1 cm represent 100m, draw a cross section along Easting 30 from grid reference 300630 to grid reference 300705.(4 mks)
      2. On the cross section, mark and name:
        • a dry weather road
        • River Awach Kano (Ririsik) (2 mks)
      3. Calculate the vertical exaggeration of the above cross sectiom. (2 mks)
    4. Describe the settlement in the area covered by the map. (3 mks)
      1. Name two mountains in East Africa which are ice capped. (2 mks)
      2. Identify four factors that influence the speed of ice movement. (4 mks)
      1. Describe the formation of the following glacial features
        • Crag and tail. (3 mks)
        • Kames and Eskers (3 mks)
      2. Name five erosional features you are likey to observe during the field study. (5 mks)
      3. Give four follow up activities you would undertake. (4 mks)
      1. Apart from pressure release, name four other processes of mechanical weathering. (4 mks)
      2. Describe the following processes of weathering.
        • Pressure release (3 mks)
        • Solution (3 mks)
        • hydration (3 mks)
    2. Name the type of weathering common in the following climatic ares.
      • Tropical climate (2 mks)
      • Tropical arid climate. (2 mks)
      • Mid-latitude climate (2 mks)
    3. Explain three effects of weathering on the environment. (6 mks)
  4. Use the diagram below to answer the questions that follow.

    coastline landform features

    1. Name the coastal features labelled H, J, K, L and M (5 mks)
    2. State four conditions necessary for the formation of a beach. (4 mks)
      1. State three ways in which the sea acquires its load. (3 mks)
      2. Name two features of emerged highland coasts (2 mks)
      3. With the aid of a well labelled diagram, describe the formation of a cuspate foreland. (6 mks)
    4. State the significance of coastal features to human beings. (5 mks)
      1. Apart from Arcuate delta name two other types of coastal deltas (2 mks)
      2. Draw a well labelled diagram of an Arcuate delta (4 mks)
      3. State three conditions necessary for the formation of a delta (3 mks)
      1. Differentiate between river capture and river rejuvenation (2 mks)
      2. Give three features resulting from
        • River capture (3 mks)
        • River rejuvenation (3 mks)
      1. What is a drainage pattern (2 mks)
      2. Distinguish an Accordant drainage system from a Discordant drainage system. (2 mks)
      3. Describe two negative influences of rivers on the human environment. (4 mks)
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