Geography Paper 2 - Alliance High School Pre-Trial Examination 2018

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Time 2 3/4 Hours

MAY 2018


  1. Answer section A and question 6 to 10 each on a separate foolscap.
  2. This paper has two sections A and B.
  3. This paper consists of 4 printed pages.
  4. Check the question paper to ascertain that all the pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.


Answer ALL the questions in this section.

    1. Name one exotic breed of beef cattle reared both in Kenya and Argentina. (1 mk)
    2. Define the following terms.
      1. mixed farming (2 mks)
      2. transhumance (2 mks)
    1. State three measures the Kenya government has taken in its efforts to manage and conserve fisheries. (3 mks)
    2. Name two fish species found in both North East Atlantic and North-East pacific fishing grounds. (2 mks)
    1. Apart from solar and wind, name two other renewable sources of energy. (2 mks)
    2. Give two reasons why the Kenyan government is planning to use nuclear energy. (2 mks)
    1. Define the term containerization. (2 mks)
    2. State three disadvantages of using pipeline as a means of transport. (3 mks)
    1. Define the following terms.
      1. regional trade (2 mks)
      2. invisible exports (2 mks)
    2. State two problems facing trade in Kenya. (2 mks)


Answer question No. 6 and any other TWO questions from this section.

  1. The table below shows hypothetical values of petroleum used by various county governments in Kenya in hundred thousands of litres. Use it to answer the questions that follow.
    County 2015 2016 2017
    Mombasa 35.0 20.1 25.2
    Nakuru 25.3 15.0 17.1
    Kisumu 20.2 15.7 25.4
    Nairobi 40.4 18.5 30.6

    Petroleum ('00,000 of litres)

      1. Draw a divided rectangle of length 10cm for the year 2015. (7 mks)
      2. Describe two changes in consumption of petroleum over the years. (2 mks)
      3. State two limitations of using divided rectangles in data presentation. (2 mks)
    2. State three conditions for the formation of petroleum. (3 mks)
      1. Name the method of mining used to extract oil. (1 mk)
      2. Name three other methods used to extract minerals ocurring deep below the surface of the earth. (3 mks)
      1. State two problems likely to be caused by oil mining in Kenya. (2 mks)
      2. State two ways in which oil mining will positively impact the Turkana county in Kenya. (2 mks)
      3. State three problems facing petroleum mining in the Middle East. (3 mks)
      1. State three physical factors that favor coffee growing in Kenya. (3 mks)
      2. What is the role of Coffee Board of Kenya? (2 mks)
      1. Describe how coffee is processed. (6 mks)
      2. Compare coffee farming in Kenya and Brazil. (6 mks)
    3. State five problems facing coffee farming in Kenya. (5 mks)
      1. Define land rehabilitation. (2 mks)
      2. Apart from draining swamps and irrigation, identify two other methods through which land has been reclaimed in Kenya. (2 mks)
      1. Explain three factors that led to location of Perkerra irrigation scheme. (6 mks)
      2. State four problems facing the Perkerra Irrigation Scheme. (4 mks)
      1. State two differences between land reclamaton in Kenya and Netherlands. (4 mks)
      2. Give four benefits of the delta plan project. (4 mks)
      3. Name three crops grown in the polders of Netherlands. (3 mks)
      1. Name two major service industries in Kenya. (2 mks)
      2. Identify the industrial centres labelled A, B and C. (3 mks)

        map of kenya industrial area

      1. Name two electronic industrial centres in Japan. (2 mks)
      2. Explain three factors which have favoured the development of car manufacturing and electronic industries in Japan. (6 mks)
    3. State three reasons why Kenya aims to become industrialized by year 2030. (3 mks)
      1. State three causes of industrial inertia. (3 mks)
      2. Explain three problems resulting from industrialization. (6 mks)
  5. The age-sex pyramids below represent the population structure of two countries. Use them to answer questions (a) and (b).

    age sex pyramids

      1. Name one country from which each pyramid (X and Y) was derived. (2 mks)
      2. Describe five characteristics of the population represented in pyramid Y. (5 mks)
      1. Identify two methods used in drawing the pyramids shown above. (2 mks)
      2. Name two primary sources of population data. (2 mks)
      3. State two disadvantages of age-sex pyramids. (2 mks)
      1. Define the term fecundity. (2 mks)
      2. Is Kenya's fertility rate declining or increaseing? (1 mk)
      3. Give three reasons to account for Kenya's fertility rate in C(ii) above. (3 mks)
    3. Describe three measures that have been taken in Kenya to reduce infant mortality. (6 mks)
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