Kenya Certificate Of Secondary Education (KCSE 2009) Geography Paper 2

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Answer ALL the questions in this section.

    1. Name two exotic species of trees planted in Kenya. (2 marks)
    2. State three reasons why it is necessary to carry out afforestation programmes in Kenya. (3 marks)

    1. Give three physical conditions that favour maize cultivation in Trans Nzoia District in Kenya. (3 marks)
    2. State three problems facing maize farming in Kenya. (3 marks)

    1. Outline three physical factors that favoured the development of the Seven Forks hydro- electric power scheme. (3 marks)
    2. State two problems facing hydro- electronic power projects in Kenya. (2 marks)

  1. Use the sketch map below to answer questions (a).

    roads and settlements kcse 2009

    1. Name the main settlement pattern in:
      1. The northern part of the area represented by the sketch map; (1 mark)
      2. The southern part of the area represented by the sketch map. (1 mark)

    2. State two ways in which government policy may influence the distribution of human settlementss. (2 marks)

    1. Apart from wind storms, name two other environmental harzards associated with climatic conditions. (2 marks)
    2. State three problems caused by windstorms in Kenya. (3 marks)

      Answer question 6 and other two questions from this section.

  2. The table below shows the number of tourists who visited kenya from various parts of the world in 2005 and 2006. Use it to answer questions (a) and (b)

    tourism kcse 2009
    Source: Central Bureau of Statistics

      1. Which continent had the highest increase increase in the number of tourists visiting Kenya between 2005 and 2006? (2 marks)
      2. Calculate the percentage increase of tourists from Australia and New Zealand between 2005 and 2006. (2 marks)
      3. Draw a divided rectangle 15 cm long to represent the tourists that visited Kenya in 2006.
        Show your calculations. (10 marks)

      1. State two advantages of using divided rectangles to represent geographical data. (2 marks)
      2. Give four reasons why in 2005 and 2006 there were more tourists visiting Kenya from Europe compared to those from other parts of the world. (4 marks)
    1. Give five reasons why domestic tourism is being encourged in Kenya. (5 marks)

    1. State three physical conditions that favour coffee growing in the central highlands of Kenya. (3 marks)
    2. Describe the stages involved in coffee production from picking to marketing. (8 marks)
    3. Explain four problems facing coffee farming in Brazil. (8 marks)
    4. Your geography class carried out a field study on a coffee farm.
      1. State four methods the class may have used to colect data. (4 marks)
      2. During the field study, the class collected data on quantities of coffee produced from the firm in the last five years.
        State two methods that the class may have used to present the data. (2 marks)

      1. What is visible trade? (2 marks)
      2. List three major imports to Kenya from Japan. (3 marks)

    1. Explain four factors that influence internal trade in Kenya. (8 marks)
    2. State four ways in which trade is of significance to Kenya. (4 marks)
    3. Explain four benefits which members states of ECOWAS derive from the formation of the trading bloc. (8 marks)

      1. Name three agricultural non-food processing industries in Kenya. (3 marks)
      2. State four ways in which Kenya has benefited from the motor- vehicle Assembly industry. (4 marks)

    1. Explain three problems arising from industrualization in Kenya. (6 marks)
    2. Explain three factors which influenced thelocation of the iron and steel industry in the Ruhr region of Germany in the 19th century. (6 marks)
    3. You intend to carry out a field study of furniture making industry in the local market centre.
      1. State two reasons why it would be necessary for you to visit the area of study in advance. (2 marks)
      2. For your field study, you have prepared a work schedule. State two items you would include in  the schedule. (2 marks)
      3. Give two advantages of studying about furniture making through fieldwork. (2 marks)

  3. The map below shows the location of some urban centres in East Africa.

    east african urban centers kcse 2009

      1. Name the towns marked P, Q and R. (3 marks)
      2. Name the minerals that influenced the growth of the towns marked X and Y. (2 marks)

    1. Explain four factors that have led to the growth of Eldoret as a major town in Kenya. (8 marks)
    2. Compare the ports of Mombasa and Rotterdam under the following sub headings:
      1. Site                                                            (2 marks)
      2. Transport links to the interior                     (2 marks)
      3. The hinterland                                           (2 marks)
      4. Port facilities.                                             (2 marks)

    3. Explain two ways in which urbanization negatively affects the surrounding agricultural areas. (4 marks)
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