Kenya Certificate Of Secondary Education (KCSE 2009) Geography Paper 1

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Answer ALL the questions in this section.

    1. Differenciate between the process of formation of plutonic rocks and volcanic rocks. (2 marks)
    2. For each of the following sedimentary rocks, name the resultant rock thst forms after metamorphism:
      1. Sandstone
      2. Limestone
      3. Clay

  1. Use the diagram below to answer the questions that follows.   
    winds kcse 2009
    Outline the process through which the moist winds shown go through to eventually become dry winds. (5 marks)

    1. What is a line of longitude? (2 marks)
    2. What is the local time at Alexandra 30oE when the local time at Malindi 40oE is 12.00 noon? (2 marks)

    1. Outline steps followed when measuring humidity using a hygrometer. (3 marks)
    2. Give two factors that influence relative humidty. (2 marks)

  2. The diagram below shows some types of folds. Use it to answer question (a).

    fold mountains kcse 2009
    1. Name the type of folds marked E, F and G. (3 marks)
    2. In which countries are the following fold mountians found?
      1. Andes (1 mark)
      2. Cape Ranges (1 mark)
      3. Alps (1 mark)

        Section B
        Answer question 6 and any two other questions from this section.

  3. Study the map of Belgut 1:50,000 (sheet 117/3) provided and answer the following questions.
      1. Name the three districts crossed by the all-weather road (bound surface) in the north-western part of the map extract. (3 marks)
      2. Using the marginal information, give the magnetic variation of the area when the map extract was drawn. (2 marks)
      3. Measure the shortest distance along the loose surface road from the junction at Marumbasi (grid reference 286548) to the school at Chebirbei (grid reference 344518). Give your answer in kilometres. (2 marks)
      4. What is the approximate height of the papyrus swamp to the north-east of Kabianga Farm Institute (grid square 3750)

    1. Describe the characteristics of the long profile of river Yurith. (6 marks)
    2. Describe the relief of the area covered by the map. (4 marks)
    3. Citing evidence from the map, explain three factors that favour the growing of tea in Belgut area. (6 marks)

  4. The diagram below shows an hydrological cycle.

    water cycle kcse 2009

      1. What do the arrows labeled K, L and M on the cycle represent? (3 marks)
      2. Expalin three factors that influence the occurence of surface run- off. (6 marks)

      1. What is mass wasting? (2 marks)
      2. Give two processes of slow mass movement. (2 marks)
      3. State two physical conditions that may influence landslides. (2 marks)

    1. Describe the following processes of mass wasting.
      1. rock fall (2 marks)
      2. subsidence (2 marks)
      3. Mud flows. (2 marks)

    2. Explain the effect of mass wasing on the following.
      1. Tourism (2 marks)
      2. Soil fertility (2 marks)

      1. Name three types of faults. (3 marks)
      2. Apart from compressional forces, explain two other processes that may cause faulting. (4 marks)

    1. With the aid of diagrams, describe how compressional forces may have led to the formation of the great rift valley. (8 marks)
    2. Explain five ways in which faulting is significant to human activities. (10 marks)

      1. Apart from Bird's foot delta, name two other types of coastal deltas. (2 marks)
      2. Draw a diagram to show a Bird's foot delta. (3 marks)
      3. Describe how a Bird's foot delta is formed. (4 marks)

    1. Explain four factors that influence the development of coast. (8 marks)
      1. Differentiate between a barrier reef and a fringing reef? (2 marks)
      2. The diagram below represents some coastal features. Name the feature marked P, Q and R.

        coastal features kcse 2009

      3. State three conditions necessary for the formation of a beach (3 marks)

  5. The diagram below represents underground features in a limestone area. Use it to answer question (a).

    1.  limestone area kcse 2009
      1. Name the features marked X, V and W. (3 marks)
      2. Describe how the feature marked Y is formed. (6 marks)

      1. What is an artesian basin? (2 marks)
      2. Explain three factors which influence the formation of features in limestone areas. (6 marks)

    2. You are supposed to carry out a field study of an area erroded with water.
      1. Give three reasons why you would need a map in the area of study. (3 marks)
      2. Name two erosional features you are likely to identify during the field study. (2 marks)
      3. State three recommendations that you would make from your study to assist the local community in the eroded area. (3 marks)
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